Psychopathy


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Season 1, Episode 2: Psychopathy

In this episode we discuss psychopathy.

You would never know given all the attention psychopathy receives that it only occurs in 1% of males in the general population.

Cleckley and others have explained psychopathy as being a personality disorder defined by a constellation of characteristics occurring on the interpersonal, affective, and lifestyle levels.

There is considerable confusion regarding the construct given its history and its common, if not pejorative use of the label.

In this episode, we will explore its history and its relationship to a now forgotten medical condition known as moral insanity.

The artwork for our podcast, “Blocked Thoughts,” was handpainted by Jenn Koonz, Ph.D. (copyright 2018); The music for our podcast was composed and performed by Adam Price (copyright 2018).

We discourage citing us, and encourage reviewing the original authors and researchers. To that end, we respectfully provide the references we used for this episode.

 

References

Augstein, H. F. (1996). J. C. Prichard’s concept of moral insanity: A medical theory on the corruption of human nature. Medical History, 40, 311-343.

 

Bowman, K. M., & Engle, B. (1958). Certain aspects of sex psychopath laws. American Journal of Psychiatry 114(8), 690-697.

Cheney, C. O. (1934). Outline for psychiatric examinations. State Hospitals Press: Utica, NY.

 

Cleckley, H. (1988). The mask of sanity: An attempt to clarify some issues about the so-called psychopathic personality (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

 

Cohen, L. E., & Felson, M. (1979). Social change and crime rate trends: A routine activity approach. American Sociological Review. 44(4), 588–608.

Durrant, R., & Ward, T. (2015). Evolutionary criminology: Towards a comprehensive explanation of crime. New York, NY: Academic Press.

 

English, K. (1998). The containment approach: An aggressive strategy for the community management of adult sex offenders. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 4(1/2), 218-235.

Finney, C. G. (9/10/1856). Lecture VII. Moral insanity: What saith the sinner? Oberlin Evangelist. Retrieved from: https://www.gospeltruth.net/1856OE/560910_moral_insanity.htm

 

Freedman, E. B. (1987). ‘Uncontrolled desires’: The response to the sexual psychopath, 1920-1960. The Journal of American History, 74(1), 83-106.

Glueck. B. (1918). A study of 608 admissions to Sing Sing prison. Mental Hygiene, 2(85), 91-123.

 

Guthman, D. H. (1980). MDSO (Mentally Disordered Sex Offenders) Law – The Assumptions Challenged. Criminal Justice Journal, 4(1), 75-83.

 

Guttmacher, M. S. (1951). Sex offenses: The problem, causes and prevention. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Hare, R. D. (1991). The Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Multi-Health Systems.

Hare, R. D. (2003). The Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (2nd ed.). Toronto, Dowson, J. H., Sussams, P., Grounds, A. T., ON: Multi-Health Systems.

 

Hare, R. D. (2006). Psychopathy: A clinical and forensic overview. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 29(3), 709-724.

 

Hare, R. D., & Neumann, C. S. (2005). Structural models of psychopathy. Current Psychiatry Reports, 7(1), 57-64.

 

Hare, R. D., & Neumann, C. S. (2009). Psychopathy: Clinical and forensic implications. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 54(12), 791-802.

 

Hart, S. D., & Dempster, R. J. (1997). Impulsivity and psychopathy. In C. D. Webster & M. A. Jackson (Eds.), Impulsivity: New directions in research and clinical practice (pp. 212-232). New York: Guilford.

 

Healy, W. (1915). The individual delinquent: A text-book of diagnosis and prognosis for all concerned in understanding offenders. Boston, MA: S. J. Parkhill & Co. p.132, 575-89, 411. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books/about/The_Individual_Delinquent.html?id=CIVYAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=kp_read_button#v=onepage&q&f=false

 

Henderson, D. K. (1939). Psychopathic states. New York, NY: W. W. Norton.

 

Hirschi, T. (2017). Causes of delinquency. New York, NY: Routledge. [originally published 1969 by University of California Press].

 

Hoover, J. E. (1947). How safe is your daughter? American Magazine. New York, Clover Publishing House: 32-33.

 

Humphreys, E. J. (1940). Psychopathic personality among the mentally defective. Psychiatric Quarterly, 14(2), 255-263.

 

Kamman, G. R. (1961). Evolution of sexual psychopath laws. Journal of Forensic Science 6(2), 170-9.

Kiehl, K. A., & Hoffman, M. B., (2011). The criminal psychopath: History, neuroscience, treatment, and economics. Jurimetrics, 51, 355-397.

 

Kraeplin, (1904). As taken from his textbook. See Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emil_Kraepelin.

Krafft-Ebing, R. F. v. (1886; 1965). Psychopathia sexualis: The classic study of deviant sex. New York, NY: Arcade Publishing.

 

Lave, T. R. (2009). Only yesterday: The rise and fall of twentieth century sexual psychopath laws. Louisiana Law Review, 69, 549-591.

 

Lieberman, D., & B. A. Siegel, B. A. (1957). A program for sexual psychopaths in a state mental hospital. American Journal of Psychiatry, 113(9), 801-7.

Netland, J. D., & Miner, M. H. (2012). Psychopathy traits and paternal dysfunction in sexual offending and general delinquent adolescent males. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 18(1), 4-22.

 

Neumann, C. S., Hare, R. D., & Newman, J. P. (2007). The super-ordinate nature of the psychopathy checklist-revised. Journal of Personality Disorders, 21, 102-107.

 

Ozarin, L. (2001). Moral insanity: A brief history. American Psychiatric Association: Psychiatric News. 5/18/2001. Retrieved from https://psychnews.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/pn.36.10.0021.

Porter, S., ten Brinke, L., & Wilson, K. (2009). Crime profiles, and conditional release performance of psychopathic and non-psychopathic sex offenders. Legal and Criminal Psychology, 14, 109-118.

Rush, B. (1835). Medical inquiries and observations upon the diseases of the mind (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Grigg & Elliot. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=l-oRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PR1&source=kp_read_button#v=onepage&q&f=false

 

Savage, J. (2009). Understanding persistent offending: Linking developmental psychology with research on the criminal career. In J. Savage (Ed.). The development of persistent criminality. New York, NY: Oxford Press.

 

Savitt, R. A. (1940). An approach to the problem of psychopathic personality. Psychiatric Quarterly, 14(2), 255-263.

 

Shnaidman, V. C. (2016). Forensic psychiatry: A lawyer’s guide. New York, NY: Elsevier, Inc.

 

Sturgeon, V. H., & Taylor, J. (1980). Report of a five-year follow-up study of mentally disordered sex offenders released from Atascadero state hospital in 1973. Criminal Justice Journal, 4, 31-63.

 

Sutherland, E. H. (1950). The sexual psychopath laws. Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 40(5), 543-554.

 

Sutherland, E. H. (1950b). The diffusion of sexual psychopath laws. The American Journal of Sociology, 56(2), 142-148.

 

Tappan, P. W. (1951). Sentences for sex criminals. Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 42, 332-337.

 

The 1844 Report of the Metropolitan Commissioners in Lunacy. (2018). Studymore.org.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2018, from: http://studymore.org.uk/4_09.htm


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